SSH -- 建立本地GIT仓库和Github的连接


你再不来,我要下雪了


Git是分布式的代码管理工具,远程的代码管理是基于SSH的,所以要使用远程的Git则需要SSH的配置。

Github的SSH配置如下:

设置Git的user name和email

$ git config --global user.name "pinsily"
$ git config --global user.email "13160724868@163.com"

生成SSH密钥

Note :查看是否已经有了ssh密钥:cd ~/.ssh 如果没有密钥则不会有此文件夹,有则备份删除

生成新的Key:(引号内的内容替换为你自己的邮箱)

利用 Git 自带的 ssh-keygen

ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "13160724868@163.com"

Note:如果提示没有 ssh-keygen 不存在的话,将 C:\Soft Ware\Git\usr\bin 添加到环境变量中

输出显示:

``` shell?linenums Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/Users/your_user_directory/.ssh/id_rsa):

### 直接回车,不要修改默认路径。

``` shell?linenums
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:

这里需设置一个密码短语,在每次远程操作之前会要求输入密码短语!嫌麻烦可以直接回车,不设置。

成功:

Your identification has been saved in /Users/your_user_directory/.ssh/id_rsa. 
Your public key has been saved in /Users/your_user_directory/.ssh/id_rsa.pub. The key fingerprint is: ... ...

提交公钥:

找到.ssh文件夹,用文本编辑器打开“id_rsa.pub”文件,复制内容到剪贴板。

打开 https://github.com/settings/ssh ,点击 Add SSH Key 按钮,粘贴进去保存即可。


测试

$ssh git@github.com

The authenticity of host ‘github.com (207.97.227.239)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 16:27:ac:a5:76:28:2d:36:63:1b:56:4d:eb:df:a6:48.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘github.com,207.97.227.239′ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
ERROR: Hi tekkub! You’ve successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access
Connection to github.com closed.